Monthly Archives: October 2020

Proud of you Karan for making it to IIT

Badaga boy makes it to Indian Institute of Technology

(being an Engineer -From GCT, Coimbatore, and having attempted the IIT Entrance exam way back in 1965, I know how hard it is to crack it and come out successful. Congratulations to Karan. – Wg.Cdr.JP)

It’s a proud moment for Karan Jeyasankar of the Nilgiris Badaga community, who cracked the JEE Advanced exam to make it to one of India’s most prestigious institutions, IIT.
Karan who hails from Kundah Ketchigatty village of the Nilgiris, did his primary schooling in Mumbai and High school in Dubai. He is also a recipient of the prestigious Sheikh award for academic excellence while studying in High School.
He later moved to Chennai after his 10 th standard, with a dream of targeting what is considered to be one of the toughest exams in terms of the selection ratio. Karan obtained his coaching from FIITJEE Integrated schooling with Kola Saraswathi Senior Secondary School in Chennai.

With his unwavering effort and commitment to target, Karan obtained All India Rank 1901 in the JEE Mains from among 9.21 lakh candidates, and later AIR 1032 in the JEE Advanced exam from among 1.6 lakh selected candidates of JEE Mains exam.
He is likely to pursue Electrical and Electronics Engineering at IIT Kanpur and aspires to research and contribute to core technological advancements.
With this outstanding feat, Karan has made his family and also the Badaga
community proud. He is also willing to guide and share his experiences with future JEE aspirants.

Incidentally, Karan is the grandson of N. Sivan, IRSSE (Retd), Indian
Railways Service of Signal Engineers, aged 83 years, retired from Southern Railway as Gr. ’A’ JA Grade Officer.


Major Saravanan, we are proud of you

Major Saravanan (Retd) who takes care of the welfare of Ex-Services Men and their dependents especially widowed women in the Nilgiris.

Men and Women who uphold the highest traditions of integrity and serve the nation at the risk of their own lives are the men/women in uniform of the three Services – Army, Navy and Air Force.

Most of them, due to contingencies of the Services or otherwise, retire at a comparatively young age. The welfare of these personal after retirement is very important and both at the center and in the state level have well defined welfare departments.

There are district level ESM welfare departments in almost all districts in Tamil Nadu. The one in the Nilgiris is headed by a dynamic and welfare minded person Major (retd) Saravanan from T.Horanally village. He is the son of Late B. Chokan and married to Mrs. Shakthi.

Maj.Saravanan (Retd)

He has been rendering a great service to all the Ex-Servicemen in the Nilgiris for the past four years and presently looking after Coimbatore District also as Assistant Director. He has helped many women, wives of ex-servicemen, to get proper family pension.

He joins me in encouraging Badaga youngsters, both boys and girls to join the Armed Forces which offer great job opportunity and career.


Extremely happy and proud that Badagas have been recognised as Indigenous people of the Nilgiris, (People of the Mountains by the UNO affiliate based at Rome) by the great efforts of Venugopal Dharmalingam, the Director of the Nilgiri Documentation Centre. Hearty congratulations to him.

This website has been consistently claiming that Badagas are one of the indigenous tribes of the Blue Mountains and we are happy and privileged that in the application submitted to UNO, Venugopal has quoted our website also.

In a function at Ooty, Venugopal Dharmalingam and other Badaga leaders (including Prof. Iyyaro, a Nakkubetta Seemay Gowder, Dr.Mani ex-Director of Central Research Institute, Kasauli and President of Coonoor Badaga Association, Mr.Sivalinga, auditor, Gokul Gowder, a well known Artist and Wg.Cdr.Bellie Jayaprakash), a blown up copy of the recognition approval was presented to the Collector Ms.Innocent Divya today, 16 Oct 2020.


The Badagas, the largest indigenous social group in the Nilgiris, have been included in the Data Base of World’s Indigenous Peoples by the United Nations Mountain Partnership.

The Inscription on the Badagas says, “ Traditionally Buffalo herders, recently there is a strong trend back to farming with particular attention to organic farming”. On the Badaga language, the Inscription says, “Badaga language (Badaga) is part of the Dravidian language family. One of world’s primary language families spoken by over 200 million people in south, central and north India”.

The Mountain Partnership is a United Nations alliance of partners dedicated to improving the lives of mountain peoples and protecting mountain environments around the world.

Founded in 2002, it has more than 400 members including International Organizations, major private sector organizations and NGOs and 60 governments including India.

MP is currently preparing an international Data Base of Indigenous Peoples and a detailed global map to identify 1. Who are the indigenous and local mountain communities and 2. Where do such communities live?

Indigenous Mountain Peoples are defined by the UN on the following criteria.

1) How long they have been living in a specific territory

2) Their cultural distinctiveness, including exclusive language, social organization, religion and spiritual values, modes of production, laws and institutions;

3) Self-identification, as well as recognition by other groups, or by State authorities, as a distinct community and

4) an history of struggle and exploitation

5) Their continued inhabitation, at least part of the year, on a mountain

6) Their continued use of traditional food systems around mountain ecosystems and

7) Their clear connection to a particular mountain or range.

Based on these criteria, the Nilgiri Documentation Centre, a local research body with nearly four decades of work, submitted the case of the Badagas of Nilgiris for inclusion in the World’s Indigenous Peoples Data Base with all necessary supporting evidence and documents.

The UN Mountain Partnerhiup has accepted the application of the NDC and included the Badaga community in their Data Base of World’s Indigenous Peoples.

Badaga language endangered

The United Nations Economic and Social Council (UNESCO) has already included the Badaga language as ‘Definitely Endangered’ in the UNESCO Atlas of the World’s Languages in Danger.

World’s Indigenous People

Indigenous Peoples are distinct social and cultural groups that share collective ancestral ties to the lands and natural resources where they live. There are approximately 476 million Indigenous Peoples worldwide, in over 90 countries. They make up 6 % of the global population but account for 15 percent of the global poverty. They occupy 25% of the world’s area but safeguard 80% of the global biodiversity.

The UN and Indigenous Peoples

The UN General Assembly proclaimed 1993 as the International Year of the World’s Indigenous People to seek international cooperation for solving problems faced by indigenous people in terms of human rights, environment, development, education and health. August 9 is observed worldwide as International Day of the Indigenous Peoples. India is one of the 144 states which adopted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) by the General Assembly on in 2007. The government is yet to prepare a list of indigenous communities in the country.

Mountains and Indigenous Peoples

Majority of the indigenous peoples live in mountains. The United Nations has recognized that the involvement of indigenous peoples and local communities is essential for sustainable mountain development.

Issued by Indigenous Badagar Alliance

Later on in the evening, Ramakrishnan, owner of Nakkubetta TV anchored an excellent programme on this event. A must watch

The “Ha” sound in Badaga (Badagu)


Badaga or  Badagu, is a ‘classic‘ and independent language spoken by Badagas of the Blue Mountains or the Nilgiri hills, in north -west Tamil Nadu, bordering Karnataka and Kerala.

Though it is unique by itself, it can be said to be akin to Halaiya (old) Kannada more than any Dravidian language. But due to the geo – political reasons, it is being identified more with Tamil.

Unfortunately, some ‘over enthusiastic scholars’ and a few elders have been trying to eliminate the sound ‘ha -ஹ ‘ (which is an integral part of the Badaga language and) replace it with ‘ah- அ ‘ with some unacceptable justification that these letters (as well as letter like Ja ஜ, Sa ஸ, Sha ஷ ) do not form part of pure/classical Tamil though they are very much in day to day usage.

Let me elaborate and justify why ha and other letters, like ஜ, ஸ, ஷ etc should remain as core letters/sounds in Badaga.

A Badaga village is known as Hatti (ஹட்டி) and not as அட்டி.

Our deity/ Goddess is Hethe – ஹெத்தே and not Athe எத்தே

Some day to day words starting with ha

Haalu – ஹாலு – milk

Habba – ஹப்பா – festival

Hannu – ஹண்ணு – fruit

Haavu – ஹாவு – snake

Jana ஜன – people
Janni ஜன்னி – cold

Jav’voni – Young

Jakkadha –  ஜக்கத –  the famous hatti (village)

Hasu ஹஸு – hunger

Haasu ஹாஸு – spread

Hethe nangava Harichali – ஹெத்தே நங்கவ ஹரிச்சலி

Let Goddess Hethe bless us !


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